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Wednesday, January 30, 2013

Rye Bread




My husband spent a year in Italy living in an apartment right above a bakery. His standard for bread is high. Pressure much? I've been forced to develop my baking skills and I do my best to replicate that Italian bakery taste at home. Rye is one of my husband's favorite. It is a bread that is full of flavor and brings an interesting twist to sandwiches. Classic sandwiches using rye bread are pastrami on rye, tuna on rye, and corned beef on rye, but you could use rye in a variety of different sandwiches to bring out a new flavor. Or you can go the route of my children who just devour it plain. Seriously, who would have thought little kids would love rye bread so much? This recipe is super simple to put together, gives some great bread making techniques, and makes a lovely light rye.


Ingredients

1/2 tablespoon yeast
2/3 cup water
1/2 tablespoon salt
1/2 tablespoon caraway seeds
1 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
1/2 cup rye flour
cornmeal for dusting
1/4 tsp cornstarch + 1/4 cup water


Instructions

1. Combine the yeast, water, salt, caraway, and flours in a medium-sized mixing bowl. Stir with a spoon or mix with a hand or stand mixer until combined and there is no stray flour.

2. Cover with a dish towel and let rise for about an hour.

3. Shape it into a loaf by stretching the dough from the top center of the dough ball over the edges, and then underneath. It should look and feel like you are holding the loaf with two hands and are pulling the dough inside out with your thumbs. Give several of those pulls with your thumbs until the dough starts looking textured.

4. Dust a pizza peel or wooden cutting board with cornmeal. Put the loaf on the prepared board and let it rise for another 40 minutes.

5. Preheat a pizza/baking stone in the oven to 450 degrees. Place a shallow pan on the rack below the baking stone.

6. Dissolve the cornstarch in the 1/4 cup water. Microwave for 45 seconds. Brush the cornstarch liquid on top of the loaf and cut several parallel lines on the top.

7. Bake the loaf directly on the stone. When you put the loaf in, pour a tall glass of water into the shallow pan below. It'll pop and sizzle and steam, so watch your hands. Close the oven door and bake for 30 minutes.

***Try this great recipe for a classic Tuna Melt on Rye. Yum!***

The key to making great bakery-style bread at home is all in the method. Bakeries use steam ovens to get that wonderful chewy crust. You can create your own steam oven by placing a shallow pan of water in the oven with your bread. The water will evaporate in the heat, filling your oven with steam.

Using a baking stone or pizza stone is vital to creating both the perfect crust and the perfect crumb. Bakeries use fancy ovens of the masonry variety. See, the oven in your house cooks using radiated (the flame or the electrical elements) and convected heat (the air moving around the oven. A convection oven has fans to assist in the circulation of the air). A masonry oven is able to use conduction on top of convection and radiated heat. Masonry ovens utilize stone, just as their name suggests. Stone retain heat really well. When you put a loaf of bread directly on a hot stone, the stone transfers its heat to the bread through conduction. So when you use a pizza/baking stone, you are literally adding a third heating method into your oven. Isn't that awesome? There's your science lesson for the day!







7 comments:

  1. I am so excited for this! I just happen to have about a half cup of rye flour hanging around that needs to be eaten. yum! Also, your picture taking skills are super awesome

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  2. I have a slight learning disability and when it comes to reading something then doing it I have a hard time visualizing how you are doing it. any way you could add pics of how you are working the bread?

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  3. Hey there,
    You are not doing the bread justice when you shape it that way! If the dough starts looking textured as you shape it, you have torn the gluten and diminished the structure. Be gentle, and let it rest between "pulls." That way you will leave the gluten intact to continue to stretch when it's in the oven. ("oven spring")

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    Replies
    1. Thanks for stopping by Katie! Obviously you are a baker! While I know that the texture means the gluten has been stretched and is beginning to break, I have actually found that it produces exactly what I want. Yes, I do it on purpose! Weird, I know! With the high moisture content of the dough, and the no-knead aspect, I have found that stretching the gluten cloak to the point of breaking actually prevents me from getting bubbles or mis-shapen loaves while still giving a perfect, chewy crumb. I only recommend stretching the gluten to the point of breaking. Once it begins to show texture, stop.

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  4. step #4...where do you let it rise? is this at room temp of 80-85 degrees?
    Thanks,M

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  5. I just leave it on my counter which is usually 70-75 degrees.

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